Ordinance No. 161815: Renaming Union Avenue to Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd.: April 20th, 1989.

Ordinance No. 161815

Authorize renaming of Union Avenue to Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd. (Ordinance)


The City Ordains:

Section 1. The  Council finds:

1. The Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd. Committee has submitted an application to rename Union Avenue as Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd.

2. Council adopted the Policy for Renaming City Streets in August, 1987, which establishes guidelines for preparation and implementation of City Code provisions governing the renaming of City streets.

3. Martin Luther King, Jr. meets the criteria under the policy as a person for whom a street may be renamed.

4. Union Avenue meets the criteria under the policy as a City street that may be renamed.

5. The proposal to rename Union Avenue is supported by a petition with more than 2,000 signatures.

6. All property owners and tenants on Union Avenue were notified and given an opportunity to express their opinion on the matter.

7. All neighborhood and business associations abutting Union Avenue were notified and given an opportunity to express their opinion on the matter.

8. The Historian Panel found no major historical obstacle to renaming Union Avenue, and that Martin Luther King, Jr. is an appropriate name to use.

9. The Planning Commission held a public hearing on the matter on March 18, and unanimously voted to support the recommendation to City Council that renaming Union Avenue as Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd. is in the best interest of the City.


NOW THEREFORE, the council directs:

A. The renaming of Union Avenue to Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd. is approved.

B. The Auditor shall notify owners and occupants of all property abutting the street being renamed, affected public agencies, the general public, U.S. Post Office, and emergency service organizations of the street name through public notice, direct correspondence and other appropriate means.

C. The Bureau of Maintenance shall install street signs showing the new street name alongside the existing name signs and shall maintain both sets of signs for a period of five (5) years at the level of maintenance approved for street name signs City-wide.

D. At the end of five (5) years the Maintenance Bureau shall remove the Union Avenue name signs.


Section 2. The Council declares that an emergency exists because immediate implementation of the name change would be in the best interest of the City, therefore, this ordinance shall be in full force and effect from and after its passage by Council.

Passed by the Council, April 20, 1989.


25th Anniversary Celebration, this Saturday 4/26: Naming of MLK Boulevard

Celebration of the 25th Anniversary of the Renaming of Martin Luther King, Jr Boulevard


The King Neighborhood Association (KNA), World Arts Foundation, Inc. (WAFI), and the Northeast Coalition of Neighborhoods (NECN) will hold a celebration on Saturday, April 26th to honor the 25th anniversary renaming of Union Avenue to Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard in Portland. The celebration, open to the public, will be held at the Boys and Girls Club at the Blazers location, 5250 NE MLK, from 3 – 4:30 pm. A new United States flag will be raised at the Boys and Girls Club during the event.

KNA, WAFI, and NECN join together to invite the community in celebrating the naming of Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard. Twenty-five years ago, after years of work by citizens who sought to bring Dr. King’s vision of peace, justice, and truth closer to reality in our community, Portland’s City Council voted to change Union Avenue’s name to Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard on April 20, 1989.

The public is invited to join the celebration, hosted by the Boys and Girls Club at the Blazers location. We will honor past, present, and future – those who have led the way in seeking truth and justice, and in particular the community members who worked to honor Dr. King with a street naming; those among us who work for justice and reconciliation today, and the youth in our community who will lead us into the future.


Speakers at the celebration will include Donny Adair (of WAFI); Teressa Raiford; Alan Silver (of King NA); Jules Garza; organizers of the Oregon Black Museum;  and Imani Muhammad (Boys and Girls Club).


revkingPictured: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. walks between seven-year-old Eva Gracelemon, left, and 10-year-old Aritha Willis as he escorts black school children to formerly all-white schools in Grenada, Miss., Tuesday morning, Sept. 20, 1966. Violence erupted at the school when the schools were integrated. (AP Photo)

“Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. I can never be what I ought to be until you are what you ought to be. This is the interrelated structure of reality.” – Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

For more information, contact Alan Silver, King NA Chair, hedda.lee@gmail.com

Facebook event page: https://www.facebook.com/events/212338712310668/

King Neighborhood Association: http://kingneighborhood.wordpress.com/

World Arts Foundation: http://worldartspdx.org/

Northeast Coalition of Neighborhoods: http://necoalition.org/


Renaming the Boulevard: A Retrospective

It all started with a simple question. Nearly 24 years ago, two women from Denver wanted to know why the city of Portland didn’t have a street named for Martin Luther King Jr.
Bernie Foster, publisher of The Skanner News, didn’t know what to tell the two ladies, whose names have been long forgotten.
“So, we put a flier in the paper and ran it for a couple of weeks,” he said.
Along with several volunteers from the community, The Skanner’s call for action drew in about 4,000 signatures in support of a plan to rename a street in Portland after Martin Luther King Jr.

Read more at Renaming the Boulevard: A Retrospective in the Skanner.


MLK Boulevard at 25: City Councilmen unanimously in favor of renaming Union Avenue for Dr. King

Council Will Rename Union Avenue For King


“It looks like a done deal,” commented City Commissioner Bob Koch as two more City Council members announced their support for renaming Union Ave. in honor of Martin Luther King Jr. at an April 20 council hearing.

With the full council now on record in support of the renaming, all that remains to make it official is a vote scheduled for tomorrow.

Mayor Bud Clark and Commissioner Earl Blumenauer added their backing to the Union renaming, joining the previously announced supporters, Commissioners Koch, Mike Lindberg and Dick Bogle.

While some opponents of the change said the Union name should not be altered since it honors the Union that won the Civil War, Clark said, “It’s time to update the fact.” While Abraham Lincoln and the Union he led were the emancipators of the 1860s, “The great emancipator in the 20th century was Martin Luther King.”

A number of Union Ave. business people complained that the change would confuse their customers. Angelo Lampus, owner of City Center Mini Storage, said people connect his business with a Union location. Blair Acker of Food Services Inc. said customers “know where Union is.”

Blumenauer dismissed such complaints.

“The last thing I’m worried about is educating people over the next five years about where King Blvd. is,” the commissioner said. “If anything, it will probably be easier for people to find the street.”

“Symbolism is important as we attempt to negate the image of skinheads and racial hostility that has made it on national television,” [Carolyn Leonard,] Renaming Committee chair said.

Union Avenue businesses owners Reuven Roth of Roth BMW and Jerry Van Horton of Custom Marble worried that the new name will imply that surrounding neighborhoods are all African-American.

“We’re going to label that area a Black neighborhood,” Van Horton said. The renaming “has some good points, but it is a racial issue.”

State Affirmative Action Director Kathleen Saadat testified immediately after Van Horton.

“Some people believe that this is a racial issue, which points out the need to do more work,” Saadat said.

The issue goes beyond race or money to the uplift of the human spirit, said the state official.

“We have trouble now because we have not taken the time to put positive symbols before our children,” Saadat commented.

Not all business people opposed the change. Neil Kelly testified that the North/Northeast Boosters support the renaming.


–’Council Will Rename Union For King,’ The Skanner, April 19, 1989. (edited for length.)


*****I’ll have Ms. Kathleen Saadat on my radio show next week! We’ll be talking about activism and the search for justice in our community. Join us for the conversation on KBOO’s Out Loud, 6-7 pm, next Tuesday, April 22nd, 90.7 FM or kboo.fm online.



MLK Boulevard at 25: Skanner editorial, April 5th, 1989.

It’s Now Time to Speak Up For King Blvd.

It’s been a long time coming, but now it’s here. After two years of citizen efforts to have a Portland street named in honor of the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., the proposal is finally going before City Council. On April 13 at 2:15 p.m. in Council Chambers at City Hall, the mayor and city commissioners will hear public views on renaming Union Ave. for King. This is the key event in the whole process. What’s said at this hearing could decide this issue one way or another, so speak now or forever hold your peace.

It is extremely important that as many supporters of the King renaming turn out as possible. To testify, all you have to do is show up 15 to 30 minutes before the hearing and put your name on a sign-up sheet. We also urge you to call offices of the mayor and commissioners to express your views, whether or not you are able to attend.

Clearly, Union should be named for King. It’s symbolically appropriate, for the original name was meant to honor the Union that won the Civil War, and King was the primary leader of a movement that completed much of that war’s unfinished business. We hope that the renaming will spark us to realize the unfinished agenda of the Civil Rights Movement, economic empowerment for poor people, by inspiring efforts to revitalize the new King Blvd. and make it a powerful producers of jobs and income for people who have lived too long on the starving edges of the economic system. Thus, we encourage citizens to attend the hearing to support the King renaming, and the City Council to quickly enact this proposal into law.


–The Skanner, Portland Oregon, April 5, 1989.





Steve Duin’s lazy racism.

Earlier this year, Steve Duin, columnist at the ever-shrinking Oregonian, volunteered his suggestion that Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. would disapprove of the NAACP getting involved in the controversy/debate over Trader Joe’s/affordable housing at Vanport. Duin took time out of his work on behalf of social equity to also use Dr. King for swipes at other black activists at work in our community.

He even drags in Dr. King’s daughter to pummel blacks for their history of disdain of homosexuals – as though this were somehow unique to blacks in America, or anywhere else.

It should be obvious to him that Dr. King is not a proxy for his critiques of activism, though maybe that’s just wishful thinking. Duin ought to be able to stand behind his own ideas about what constitutes productive dialogue, without attempting to speak for a deceased civil rights activist and organizer.


Amazingly, Duin had this to say:

If King had survived that fatal bullet in Memphis 46 years ago, just as he survived the Montgomery bus boycott and that Birmingham jail, would he recognize where all of God’s children have taken the crusade for civil rights?

I’d like to quote my friend J., who responded to Duin’s column with these words:

I think how duin approached johnson’s anti-gay perspective was manipulative, because it to me was done as a form of deflection.  the way it was written, it took away from king’s dedication to economic autonomy and internationalizing the struggle of non-europeans globally due to imperialism and colonialism.  it looks as if it was written to gain favor with white liberals who love to overuse the ‘color-blindness’ theory because of course if, goodness forbid, black people actually get themselves together economically and OPEN THEIR OWN SHOPS and funnel their own economy in their communities, that is just racist and against king’s ‘dream’.

Duin quotes Dr. King:

“An individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity.”

Seemingly, it is only black activists who presumably have lost their ability to look at the bigger picture and have devolved into selfish, self-satisfied impediments to progress, in Duin’s thinking. Or perhaps what Duin means is that Dr. King’s message was meant only for blacks, and neither he nor any other white activists need to heed King’s concerns.

My acquaintance K. says this: “The way that white folk love MLK: only as a tool to silence and shame.”


Duin and his editors did find the grace to print a rebuttal from David Whitfield. Whitfield writes:

The protest around Trader Joe’s in NE is about raising the serious issues and consequences of yet again displacing a substantial population of people of color out of their neighborhood in favor of gentrification and middle-class white property aspirations.

The issue is about social and racial justice. The protest peaceful. The aim conversation, persuasion and achieving compromise … like jobs and investment in the needs of the historic community. Whites are also involved. Where’s the “extremism of hate” here for MLK to disown? Indeed, hardly extremism …

I doubt MLK would have denounced people of color standing on a corner with placards or making an argument in a meeting or distributing a pamphlet in the Capitol, campaigning peacefully and openly around the social and economic issues that seriously affect people of color in Portland. Because those issues affect all of us, white, brown and black.

I think he would have called it democracy.


Kudos to Mr. Whitfield for his thoughtful response to Duin. Kudos, also, to the Oregonian for publishing it (and for giving us a break from Duin’s thoughts for that day).

If Duin finds the behavior of people and organizations actively seeking a community that serves its residents more equitably and with more careful intent, let him stand behind his own sentiments. He has a column in the local paper, an exceedingly privileged voice in our community – he doesn’t need to use Dr. King as a battering ram against other black people seeking justice and fairness.

By the way, there’s a Boycott the Oregonian facebook page that has picked up 1200 likes in about two months.

M.L. King Blvd. Rename Endorsed

A proposal to rename Union Avenue in honor of Martin Luther King Jr. was unanimously endorsed by the Portland Planning Commission following a hearing Tuesday night.

The next step will be a hearing before Portland City Council. The Council will then take action on the proposal sometime in April or early May, Loretta Young, assistant to Commissioner Earl Blumenauer, said Wednesday. The proposal comes under the city’s Office of Transportation, Blumenauer’s responsibility.

“We’re elated,” said Bernie Foster, published of The Skanner Newspaper. “This endorsement signifies a positive uplift for this city and the state. Those 4,000 signatures can now have their ‘day in court’ before the City Council.” The Skanner surveyed in the community with petitions asking support for a King Street in 1987, and presented the signed petitions to City Council.

The Martin Luther King Jr. Street Renaming Committee was created and has worked diligently on the project since mid-1987. Committee chair Carolyn Leonard states the name change will also serve as a symbol for revitalization of Northeast Portland.

The entire length of Union Avenue will be renamed. According to the Portland Office of Transportation, a five-year transition period will take place. During that time, both names will appear on street signs, allowing businesses a sufficient grace period to use up stationery and other papers with the former street name.

–from The (Portland) Skanner, March 29, 1989. (edited for clarity)




Class Matters.

Most folks in my predominately white neighborhood see themselves as open-minded; they believe in justice and support the right causes. More often than not, they are social liberals and fiscal conservatives. They may believe in recognizing multiculturalism and celebrating diversity (our neighborhood is full of white gay men and straight white people who have at least one black, Asian, or Hispanic friend), but when it comes to money and class they want to protect what they have, to perpetuate and reproduce it—they want more. The fact that they have so much while others have so little does not cause moral anguish, for they see their good fortune as a sign they are chosen, special, deserving. It enhances their feeling of prosperity and well-being to know everyone cannot live as they do.

bell hooks, Where We Stand: Class Matters.