These two signs appeared on the Vanport lot at MLK & Alberta recently:
“Along Martin Luther King: Travels on Black America’s Main Street” is Jonathan Tilove’s photojournal of his visits to various Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevards in the U.S., published in 2003. He writes:
The second question ["Are there any nice ones?"] has become more nettlesome as time has gone on. The implication of this question is that the streets might do more honor to King is they were nicer, a point of view expressed even by many folks on King. But why? If we wanted nice we could have undertaken a journey along Pleasant Street. Gentrification is about making a street “nice.” King’s life was not.
The genius of King streets is how they honor Martin Luther King in precisely the way that the national holiday cannot, by provoking passions and controversy and conflict, by stirring fervent debate about the meaning of his life and what kind of street would do him credit. They hit people, quite literally, where they live, where they work. And by laying bare the racial fault lines in one community after another, by calling attention to the circumstances of life in the heart of the black community while demanding better, the streets that bear his name are Martin Luther King’s greatest living memorial. They stir, they disturb, they tell the truth[.]
Of Portland’s Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard, Tilove writes:
[U]p the West Coast black folks arriving in Portland, Oregon – drawn… by the lure of jobs in wartime shipping – encountered signs in store windows all up and down Union Avenue: WHITE TRADE ONLY. Today, Union Avenue is Martin Luther King Boulevard, the spine of the neighborhood they call “the soul of Portland.”
But this ghetto in this, one of America’s whitest big cities, would be laughed out of any serious national competition. Too leafy. Too ruly. And these days, yesterday’s ghetto is today’s good investment. Property values are rising.
Sitting in Stellar Coffee, one of the rare black-owned businesses on MLK, Charles Bolden despairs of the black future on the block. “In ten years,” he worries, “I don’t think any blacks are going to be here…”
To Bolden, this is all pretty simple. Whites want to reclaim the “reserve” where black people have been living…
Yes, [O.B.] Hill says, Portland’s MLK is changing. “If people cannot afford to stay, they leave.” And, he continues, “Wherever they are moving to, you can rest assured that there are people moving out as they move in, ’cause that’s the nature of this game. Once black people begin to move into a community, white people exit it.
“Movement is as natural as the movement of the sun,” Hill says. “You have the most creative people on the Earth. Wherever we move, we’ll be able to get by.”